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The Piney River Segment will eventually link with The Falls Segment to the north-west and the Laurel-Snow Segment to the south (routes yet to be determined). The Lower Piney River Section is the only portion of the segment constructed at this time. See below.
LOWER PINEY RIVER SECTION
SHUT-IN GAP ROAD TO NEWBY BRANCH TRAILHEAD
Piney River Segment
Distance: 8.5 miles one-way
Elevation Change: From the Newby Branch trailhead to the Shut In Gap Road trailhead there is a 772 feet loss South to North; 772 feet gain North to South
Cautions: Steep drop-offs occur in places all along the trail. In winter, rocky overhangs have ice flows and hanging ice which can loosen during warming spells. If over night camping in the flats along the Piney River, be aware of weather conditions. Heavy rainfall often causes serious flash floods of the flats along the river. Areas that appear to be excellent for over night camping can be inundated quickly. The crossing of McDonald Branch at 6.6 miles South to North is treacherous.
NOTICE: CT back country camp registration is handled by the Friends Of site HERE
Camping: Rockhouse Branch Campsite (also called “Logging Camp Campsite”) at Mile 4.1 (4.4) as of 2015 is an authorized camp site. This segment guide identifies for clarity other campsites that are unofficial, however this does not grant the camper permission to use these campsites. Over night campers must register their intent by calling 423-566-2229 or by completing the registration form at http://www.friendsofthecumberlandtrail.org/camping/
Water: There are no safe water sources along this section of trail because of surface contamination in all streams. While there is plenty of clear water for bathing, there is danger of surface contamination in all streams. You are advised to bring your own water. Boil or sterilize all water used for cooking.
Topographic Map: USGS Map Name: Pennine, TN, Map MRC: 35084F8; often simply referred to as the USGS Pennine Quadrangle
Southern Terminus: Duskin Creek confluence with the Piney River. The trail from the Newby Branch trailhead to the trailhead at Walden Mountain Road (N35 41.400 W84 56.993) and from there on to the Duskin Creek confluence is a spur section of trail that is maintained and provides an excellent access to the main CT. Refer to the overview of this section.
Northern Terminus: Shut In Gap Road (N35 42.841 W84 52.837)
Overview:This segment of the Cumberland Trail was one of several pocket wilderness areas developed by the Hiwassee Land Company of the Bowater Southern Paper Corporation and later deeded to the State of Tennessee. While this trail is now part of the CT, it has historically been called “Piney River Trail.”
At present, the CT is incomplete from near the confluence of Duskin Creek and Piney River to the Laurel-Snow Uplands Section in the direction of Trail-South and from the trailhead at Shut-In Gap Road in the direction of Trail-North into The Falls Segment. The exact route of these connections is undetermined. The section connecting to the Laurel-Snow Uplands Section from Wash Pelfrey Road will be called the “Upper Piney River” Section. When that section is constructed, the Piney River Trail from the vicinity of the Duskin Creek confluence with Piney River to the Newby Branch Trailhead will be a side trail off the CT. For now, this is contiguous trail from Shut-In Gap Road to Newby Branch Trailhead.
The Lower Piney River Section, marked with signage and white tree blazes, passes through dense mountain laurel, rhododendron, hemlock, and hardwood forest, which is second- and third-growth timber but contains virtually all species of hard and softwood trees indigenous to East Tennessee. There are several large beech trees along the trail. Look for clusters of pawpaw and two varieties of large-leafed magnolia.
Waterfalls, cascades, rock houses, and bluffs abound along the trail and there are several spur trails leading to more features. An old mine, an old narrow-gauge railroad bed, five bridges across various streams, and a 100-foot suspension bridge across the Piney River offer the hiker many beautiful views and photographic opportunities. In spring, the wildflowers can be stunning; be alert for trout lily, rue anemone, lady slippers, gay wings, jack-in-the-pulpit, wild iris, trillium, Solomon’s seal, false Solomon’s seal, whorled horse balm, hearts-a-bustin’, and dozens more. March and April are the best months for wildflowers, and the enthusiast should consider two hikes during this period, one early and one late to get the full effect of the abundance of flowers.
Day Hikers: The day hiker can cover the entire trail end-to-end in about five hours of hiking with a couple of rest breaks and a lunch break. However, shorter in-and-out trips offer equally rewarding experiences, especially if enough time is allowed for some of the spur trail features. If you intend to hike end-to-end and want to include some of the spur trails, be sure to allow sufficient extra time; for example, Spider Den Bluff spur is worth the effort but will add 1 to 2 hours to your hike if you spend any time at all enjoying the scenery or swimming at the bluff. There are many fine pools along the trail that invite the hiker to cool off with a swim in the heat of summer.
Trailheads: Both ends of this segment are accessible on Shut-In Gap Road. From US 27 at Spring City, take TN 68 northeast for 1.2 miles and turn left onto Shut-In Gap Road. Proceed another 1.1 miles to the large, well-kept Piney River Picnic Area on the right, which has ample parking. The Piney River Trailhead is on the left across the road from the picnic area. This trailhead is the northern terminus of the Piney River Segment and will be the southern terminus of The Falls Segment when constructed.
To reach the Newby Branch trailhead of the trail, continue on Shut-In Gap Road another 5.2 miles to Forest Camp Road on the left, which is a dirt and gravel road not very well marked. There is no sign indicating Forrest Camp at this writing. Instead, there is a single post with the words Newby and Duskin inscribed in white letters.
Turn on Forest Camp Road and proceed .2 mile to the fork in the road. Take the right fork and continue toward Newby.
In .3 mile, there is a fork. Bear left toward Duskin Creek on Walden Mountain Road to reach the Duskin Creek Spur trailhead or bear right to reach the Newby Branch picnic area trailhead. The latter is recommended since vehicle parking at the Duskin Creek Spur trailhead is very limited and exposed and Walden Mtn. Rd. is frequently badly eroded in places after heavy rains.
From the fork, continue less than .1 mile to the second entrance to the Newby Creek picnic area. Park in any open space. The Newby Branch trailhead kiosk is just ahead on the right. This begins a delightful spur of 1.1 miles descending to the Duskin Creek Spur trailhead at the culvert bridge across Walden Mountain Road.
This segment is described from North to South in keeping with this online guide’s directional standard of “South to North except when there is no Southern terminus in which case the description is written North to South.” As of the most recent update, there is no Southern terminus to the main trail which ends at Duskin Creek. The remaining trail leading up Duskin Creek to the Newby Branch trailhead is a spur trail.
Mile 0.0 (8.5) Piney River trailhead kiosk at Shut In Gap Road. There is a large well-kept picnic and parking area just across Shut In Gap Road from the trailhead. Hikers can station a vehicle here and another one at the Newby Branch picnic area off Forest Camp Road or at the trailhead on Walden Mountain Road and ferry back to pick up the other vehicle.
Mile 0.1 (8.4) Spur trail to Twin Rocks Overlook. This is one of two spur trails which together constitute a loop to Twin Rocks Overlook. The trail passes the second spur in another .3 mile. The hiker can leave the main trail here and hike to the overlook (Overlook ladder and decking are in disrepair, unsafe and are closed by CTSST.) and then follow the second spur trail to where it rejoins the main trail at mile .4 (8.1).
Mile 0.3 (8.2) The Flat Rock Loop spur on the right makes a loop that rejoins the main trail at mile .5 from the segment end at Shut In Gap Road. Flat rock Loop has a picnic area beside the river. There is a trail that leads from that picnic area out to Shut In Gap Road about .1 mile above the Shut In Gap picnic and parking area or the hiker can continue on the loop back up the ridge to the main trail.
Mile 0.36 (8.14) The Flat Rock Loop rejoins the main trail on the right.
Mile 0.4 (8.1) Spur trail to Twin Rocks Overlook. This is one of two spur trails which together constitute a loop to Twin Rocks Overlook. The trail passes the second spur in another .3 mile. The North to South hiker can leave the main trail here and hike to the overlook (Overlook ladder and decking are in disrepair, unsafe and are closed by CTSST.) and then follow the second spur trail to where it rejoins the main trail at .1 mile from the segment end at Shut In Gap Road.
The main trail continues along the ridge line with the river below on the right for another .1 mile where the Flat Rock Loop spur trail rejoins the main trail .
Mile 1.9 (6.6) McDonald Branch. Caution! While this creek is mainly a wet-weather tributary, it tumbles steeply from high on the ridge down to the river below. Consequently, many rocks and boulders have been exposed in its bed. There is usually enough water in this creek to keep the rocks slippery. There is no bridge or easy ford of this creek, so use care while climbing from boulder to boulder.
The trail is fairly level, but the drop-off to the river below is steep in places. There’s an abundance of wildflowers on this stretch in the spring, lady slippers and many others are in bloom. The trail makes a descent of about 300 feet in less than 0.3 mile to the river bridge.
Mile 3.0 (5.5) The Piney River Suspension Bridge provides photographic opportunities of the river. The bridge parts were flown in by helicopter and assembled by the Bowater Paper Company so as not to damage the environment. The views are lovely from the bridge in both directions. Deep pools afford swimming and fishing opportunities. Just across the bridge is a very nice flat camping area with stone fireplaces and logs and stone seats. Be aware of weather conditions when camping near the Piney River. It is prone to flash flooding during heavy downpours. More than one life has been lost in flash floods along its banks.
After crossing the bridge, the trail continues upstream on an old narrow gauge railbed that remains from the coal and lumbering era.
Mile 3.1 (5.4) Rock Slide. A huge rock slide has inundated a portion of the main trail at mile 5.4 just before the suspension bridge across the Piney River. It is an impressive sight as you come down the trail and look ahead at a massive wall of rock 15 feet high across the abandoned narrow gauge railroad bed. The slide occurred in 2011 after heavy rains and created a wall of rock 15 feet high across the trail. Use caution as you scale this obstruction and descend on the other side.
Mile 3.4 (5.1) Pine Branch Bridge. The trail crosses Pine Branch Bridge and a short spur leads to Pine Branch falls.
Mile 4.1 (4.4) Rockhouse Branch. There is a spur that leads to the right up Rockhouse Branch to a nice rock shelter.
The trail turns upstream for a short distance along Rockhouse Branch, another tributary of Piney River, and passes an impressive old stone construction on the left. It’s made of stacked stone and looks like a pier extending toward the creek. It was used by the old narrow gauge railroad as an abutment for a bridge across the creek. On the other side, there is evidence of an abutment and a railbed though it is hard to see beyond the trees.
Cross the 40-foot Rockhouse Branch Bridge; a side trail left drops down the ridge to the Rockhouse Branch Campsite (also called “Logging Camp Campsite”) not far from the confluence of Duskin Creek with the Piney River.
From the campsite, this side trail climbs back up the ridge and rejoins the main trail, a loop route of 0.1 mile.
Note: “Rockhouse Branch Campsite (also called “Logging Camp Campsite”) at Mile 4.1 (4.4) as of 2015 is an authorized camp site. This segment guide identifies for clarity other campsites that are unofficial, however this does not grant the camper permission to use these campsites. Over night campers must register their intent by calling 423-566-2229 or by completing the registration form at http://www.friendsofthecumberlandtrail.org/camping/“.
After the Rockhouse Branch Bridge crossing and the side trail, the main trail turns back down toward the river, and in 300 feet you’ll reach the junction where the short loop comes back in on the left. In another 50 feet, the trail rejoins the old railbed along the river. The trail bears right to now follow Duskin Creek upstream. This is the approximate end of the main trail and the beginning of the 3.7 mile spur trail leading to the Newby trailhead.
Mile 4.3 (4.2) A spur leads a short distance to a rock shelter.
Mile 4.6 (3.9) Spur to Hemlock Falls. A short spur trail leads to to the right to Hemlock Falls, which is actually a small cascade. The trail leaves the old road bed and descends the ridge gradually.
Mile 4.8 (3.7) Deep Pool Cascade and Deep Pool Cascade Bridge. This pretty little cascade falls 4 or 5 feet over several rock ledges into a deep blue-green pool of water. From the Deep Pool Cascades steel bridge, there is a good view. There is no direct spur trail down to the cascade so use caution if you decide to cool your feet in the water.
For the next half mile, the trail follows the ridge above Duskin Creek with nice views of the opposite ridges before descending down to Duskin Creek again.
Mile 5.4 (3.1) Spider Den Bluff Spur Trail. A wooden sign with Spider Den Bluff in white letters at trail side marks this side trail which descends steeply for .3 mile to the banks of Duskin Creek. At the base of Spider Den Bluff, walk downstream to a fine campsite with rock table and benches. The campsite is fine for either a lunch break or over night camping. However, if you take the spur to Spider Den Bluff, you must back track to the main trail to continue.
Mile 5.9 (2.6) White Pine Cascades. A wooden sign marks this lovely feature. Perhaps the most unusual aspect of White Pine Cascades is that there are almost no white pines in the vicinity; perhaps there were when the cascade was named. The cascade offers fine photo opportunities in all seasons, but especially in fall when the deciduous forest colors make for a spectacular backdrop. In winter, ice sheets may form large shelves, and during the spring rainy season, the cascade roars with the large volume of water passing over. In summer dry season, the cascade may become a trickle.
The trail switchbacks up from Duskin Creek and continues along the side of a ridge about 100 feet above the creek. The trail is lined with stone slab; use caution, especially in wet or icy conditions.
Mile 6.4 (2.1) Campsite. The trail cuts through a good over night campsite and continues for the next 1.2 miles through lovely mixed hardwood, some dense mountain laurel and rhododendron thickets and hemlock forest.
An old mine once existed to the right along this portion of the trail. Not much can be seen today except for some rubble piles. A sign marked the site at one time, but no longer exists. There are two mine openings and some concrete construction remnants that still exist on the ridge above the trail. CAUTION: DO NOT ATTEMPT TO ENTER EITHER OF THE OPENINGS. THE SOIL AND ROCK IN THIS VICINITY IS EXTREMELY UNSTABLE. Further, the State of Tennessee has instituted a policy of closing all caves, mines and sinkholes on State owned land in an effort to prevent the spread of White Nose Fungus in the indigenous bat population.
The trail continues along the side of the ridge about 100 feet above Duskin Creek and is lined with stone slab. Use caution especially in wet or icy conditions. The trail then switches back down to follow the creek.
Mile 6.5 (2.0) White Pine Cascades Campsite. The trail cuts through this site for LNT camping.
Mile 6.7 (1.8) Begin a gentle descent. Take care crossing some large stone slabs.
Mile 6.9 (1.6) The trail continues through a large stand of mountain laurel and in another .2 mile crosses some large stone slabs. Use caution.
Mile 7.1 (1.4) Cross Duskin Creek on a 50-foot steel bridge.
Mile 7.2 (1.3) Notice the rock wall and ledges just across a small wet weather tributary of Duskin Creek to your left. Here the trail crosses to the rock wall ledge and continues along the opposite side of the tributary.
Mile 7.4 (1.1) Exit the forest onto Walden Mt. Road. Turn left and cross the Walden Mt. Road vehicle culvert bridge. This is a concrete roadbed covering seven large culverts that handle the waters of Duskin Creek beneath the roadway. In heavy rains, this culvert bridge is often inundated and the adjacent road is frequently heavily eroded. The trailhead is immediately on the left and is marked with a Tennessee State Park Cumberland Trail sign on an upright post. There is limited vehicle parking here for those wishing to eliminate the Newby Branch portion of the trail.
Just passed the culvert bridge, turn left to ascend gently into the forest following Newby Branch to the right.
Mile 8.3 (0.2) Cross a jumble of stones in another 1000 feet. The trail stays on the ridge in hardwood forest while Newby Branch continues to drop to the right of the trail.
Mile 8.4 (0.1) Cross a 20-foot bridge over Newby Branch.
Mile 8.5 (0.0) After crossing the foot bridge across Newby Branch, the trail ascends gently through mixed hardwood forest to the Newby Branch Trailhead kiosk (N35o 42.075 W84o 57.291).
— Frank Jamison, CTC Board Member
Scott Jamison, my son; Mitchell Jamison, my grandson; and Gary Grametbauer, CTC Board Member, accompanied me on several hikes to gather data about this section, and all provided valuable insight and knowledge. Scott assisted in verifying GPS coordinates; Mitchell pushed a wheel to record distances; and Gary Grametbauer helped with overall verification and proofreading and gave input on flora and fauna. Reviewed and updated, November 2016, May 2017.